Removing air and/or other noncondensable gases from a system using a vacuum pump is called

Steam ejectors have been employed for removing air from steam surface condensers since the beginning of the Industrial Revolution and the advent of steam power. They are the simplest, most reliable method known of pumping gases. In the air removal application for the power industry, ejectors and condensers are employed to evacuate air and any other non-condensable gases from the steam spaces of the condenser that services a steam turbine. Gas removal is done for the purpose of eliminating the “insulating” effect that non-condensable gases have on the transfer of heat through the tubes to the cooling medium. Without a vacuum system, air leakage would severely reduce the efficiency of the heat transfer process resulting in the condenser surface area increasing many times for a given steam load.

Unique Systems is an industry leader providing Air Removal Systems for the Power Generation market. With innovations such as our patented Quickcheck® Ejector design and a diverse array of integrated system packages, we offer the experience needed to solve complex requirements for this application. Unique Systems draws on more than 100 years of combined process vacuum experience which provides the foundation for our designs.

Removing air and/or other noncondensable gases from a system using a vacuum pump is called
Unique Systems is a proud member the Heat Exchange Institute. Adhering closely to current HEI guidelines, we employ only the latest in vacuum technology and industry accepted standards. This level of commitment to industry standards helps to ensure that every system shipped is held to the highest quality benchmark in design and craftsmanship.

We offer a full range of HEI venting equipment with capacities of 2-70 SCFM for steam surface condensers and hogging capacities of 25-3,500 SCFM and larger.

Removing air and/or other noncondensable gases from a system using a vacuum pump is called
Removing air and/or other noncondensable gases from a system using a vacuum pump is called
Removing air and/or other noncondensable gases from a system using a vacuum pump is called

For wet surface applications we offer many years of experience for standard venting capacities per HEI. For air cooled condensers we thoroughly understand the design challenges for a different set of conditions, such as high vapor loads and high turbine back pressure operation.

Among our innovative vacuum system features:

  • HEI Compliance
  • ASME, CRN & PED Compliance (as well as other internationally accepted standards)
  • Complete Range of Venting System Capacities for Any Plant Requirement
  • Full Automation Available
  • Skid-Mounted Packages with Valves, Piping & Instrumentation
  • Quickcheck® Ejector Design
  • Industry Leading Engineering Services & Field Service Support
  • Standard Two-Year Mechanical Warranty

Removing air and/or other noncondensable gases from a system using a vacuum pump is called

Many types of heating, cooling and refrigeration systems rely on refrigerants to transfer heat.[1] They can be essential to how the refrigeration process works in such equipment.[2]

But did you know refrigerants have some known enemies in an HVAC system? Any air, water or nitrogen in the unit can prevent the refrigerant from doing its job correctly and cause damage to the equipment.2 The only other substance that can exist in the system is oil.2

The problem for HVAC technicians is that these substances are always trying to sneak into equipment. Fortunately, there’s a solution: refrigerant evacuation.2

Learn what refrigerant evacuation is, when to use the process and why it’s important in this article.

What Is Refrigerant Evacuation?

Refrigerant evacuation is the removal of moisture, air and non-condensable gases from a refrigeration system.[3] During this process, a vacuum pump is used to draw the sealed HVAC system into a vacuum. This removes air, nitrogen and moisture from the unit.[4]

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The removal of these substances occurs in two stages:

Degassing Stage

  • Air and vapor is sucked out of the HVAC system. This stage is typically quick and easy.

Dehydration Stage

  • The vacuum pump is employed to decrease the pressure below the vapor pressure of water at room temperature, causing any liquid water inside the system to boil off. Without a deep vacuum and tightly sealed system, this stage can be challenging to execute successfully.4

When Is Refrigerant Evacuation Necessary?

Removing air and/or other noncondensable gases from a system using a vacuum pump is called

There are a few instances when an HVAC technician may need to evacuate water, air and other unwanted substances from a system:

  • Before charging a new system with refrigerant.[5]
  • When installing the liquid and suction lines where the ends of the tubing are open.
  • After opening the system to make repairs.
  • If the system has lost its refrigerant due to leaks or refrigerant recovery.[6]

Why Is Refrigerant Evacuation Important?

Contaminants in an HVAC system can prevent the equipment from working properly and result in premature failure. Following are some of the specific issues that can arise:

Non-Condensable Gases

  • Refrigerants transfer heat when they change phases. They absorb heat while in the evaporator, transforming from a liquid to a vapor. When the gaseous refrigerant enters the condenser, it releases heat to the outside air, cooling the refrigerant. It then flows into the expansion valve and returns to a lower pressure, cooler liquid.[7]

Non-condensable gases in a system take up space, limiting the refrigerant’s ability to condense. This reduces the efficiency of the unit and forces the HVAC compressor to work harder.[8]


  • Water in a heat pump or air conditioner can mix with the lubricating oil in the compressor, forming an acid sludge that can corrode the component, causing it to fail. Since the compressor is one of the most expensive parts in an HVAC system, this can be a serious problem.  

    If moisture enters the circuit of an A/C or heating unit, it can freeze inside the control, restricting the unit from conditioning the air.8,6

What Are Some Keys to Successful Refrigerant Evacuation?

Taking certain measures can help make for a successful refrigerant evacuation:

  • Adhere to best practices while assembling field connections and making repairs:
    • Make sure the fittings and refrigerant circuit components are clean and free of debris.
    • Clean tubing before cutting.
    • Keep open pipework covered to prevent rainwater or condensation from entering.
    • Replace filters and driers as needed.
    • Purge nitrogen before and after assembling tubing.
    • Conduct a standing pressure test with high-pressure nitrogen.

The goal of these practices is to keep the system clean, sealed and dry.

  • Choose short, dedicated large-diameter vacuum hoses.
  • Instead of using a manifold, connect straight from the CRTs to the pump.
  • Use clean oil for your pump and test it routinely.
  • After the target vacuum level has been reached, isolate and test to make sure there are no leaks or moisture.4
  • Lastly, don’t take shortcuts. They could leave you with an inefficient unit or premature system failure.6

Keeping an HVAC System Clean and Sealed

As you can see, a lot can go wrong when contaminants like air, water or nitrogen infiltrate an HVAC system. The good news is you can evacuate them from the unit and restore it to proper functioning. Just make sure to adhere to best practices for installation and repair and avoid shortcuts.

However, contaminants aren’t the only issue HVAC techs can face when working with refrigerants. Check out What to Know About Refrigerant Leaks to learn more.

[1] [2] [3] Title: Fundamentals of HVAC; Authors: Carter Stanfield and David Skaves; Air-Conditioning, Heating, and Refrigeration Institute; Second Edition; Textbook page 1472 [4] [5] [6] [7]